By 2017 it is expected that more than 270 billion mobile apps will be streaming in the hands of the mobile users. So it is mandatory, that Mobile App testers have to test those apps with multiple devices to ensure the performance. Obviously it needs to be automated with testing frameworks to execute test cases in rapid speed. Here we will discuss about the various automation test frameworks and tools and their features on devices.
Mobile app Testing is a process by which the apps are tested focussing on three factors functionality, performance and usability. With Manual Testing, where the Test cases are written for work flows, positive scenarios and negative scenarios, we would not be able to perform effective testing in the changed scenario. Also such testing would be time and effort intensive.
Although there are only few major Operating Systems in Mobile Industry like Android, iOS and Windows, the number of phones and tablets based on a single OS are countless. So Testing the Mobile app will be definitely a heavy process under different testing plans by considering the several factors including screen size, dwell Time Speed, Memory etc.
To overcome such limitations Testers needed an alternative which should be fast and should be Time saving. The features which strongly influence the automation testing are numerous.
The Automation test doesn’t need any human assistance. It can self-test 24/7. The test execution speed of Automation comparing to Manual Testing is significantly higher. The Automation test will be more reliable since repetitive test cases will not be avoided. The Automation helps to find the bugs and to fix it at the initial stages of development process. Various Mobile Automated Tools have been discovered to automate the Mobile testing and let us look at each of them in detail.
Robotium is an automation test Framework which act as the separate tool for testing the android applications .By using Robotium, test cases can be recorded from binary APK file or a module. The Framework make the testers easy to write the test cases in a powerful and robust manner. Robotium has entire support of Android features including Activities, Toast, Menus and Dialogs.
Calabash is one of the cross platform test Automation frameworks for Android, iOS and hybrid Applications. It is free, open Source, developed by Xamarin. The Syntax in Calabash is very simple and easy to execute automated acceptance tests for both android and iOS apps. It is recommended that the Calabash tests should be executed on the real mobile devices.
UI Automator is the Google Test Framework to do testing exclusively in Android apps and games.The UI Automator can run the jUnit test cases across different process. The test can be done on User interfaces across multiple apps where the user interactions occurs effectively in apps. The Drawback found with UI automator is that it could not support webview in android.
Using automated testing frameworks we can improve the robustness and performance of Mobile apps thereby enhancing user experience and quality.